Research and Publication Ethics

Research and publication ethics

Research should be conducted with a higher standard of quality control and data analysis. Also, data and records must be retained and produced for review upon request. Fabrication, falsification, concealment, deceptive reporting, or misrepresentation of data constitute are all considered as a scientific misconduct. For policies regarding research and publication which are unstated in these instructions, the Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (http:// can be applied. All manuscripts must comply with research and publication ethics. If there are any ethical issues regarding the manuscript, the Ethics Committee reserves the right to review and reject the manuscript. Before reviewing, all submitted manuscripts are inspected by Similarity Check powered by iThenticate (, a plagiarism-screening tool.

Studies in humans and animals

Documented reviews and approvals from an institutional review board (IRB) should be required for all studies involving people, medical records, and human tissues. Animal experiments should be required full compliance with institutional licensing standards.

Selection and Description of Participants

Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance.


The Food and Life accepts only manuscripts that are novel and original.

The Food and Life follows the recommendations for authorship by the ICMJE, 2017 ( Authorship credit should be based on 1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND 2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND 3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND and 4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

The Editorial Committee will make the final decision as to whether the reuse of data is scientifically appropriate or not. Permissions from the copyright holder will be required at time of submission. Any changes in the authorship should be made only before accept of the manuscript and only if approved by the editor. To request changes to authorship, corresponding author should write a letter to editor indicating the reason for such change. Also, corresponding author should submit written confirmation from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Editor considers changes to authorship only in exceptional circumstances.