Article

Greenhouse gas emission status in agriculture and livestock sectors of Korea: a mini review

Sun Jin Hur1,*, Jae Min Kim2, Dong Gyun Yim3, Yohan Yoon4, Sang Suk Lee5, Cheorun Jo3
Author Information & Copyright
1Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 17546, Korea.
2Farm and Table Co. Ltd., Seoul 06339, Korea.
3Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.
4Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Korea.
5Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 57922, Korea.
*Corresponding Author: Sun Jin Hur, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 17546, Korea, Republic of. E-mail: hursj@cau.ac.kr.

© Copyright 2024 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Oct 06, 2023; Revised: Jan 04, 2024; Accepted: Jan 08, 2024

Published Online: Jan 08, 2024

Abstract

The goal of achieving carbon neutrality is now a shared objective for humanity, with countries worldwide setting specific greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets by 2030. While initial concerns about global warming focused on fossil fuel use post-industrial revolution, perceptions shifted in the 2010s, highlighting the livestock industry as a significant contributor. However, a survey showed that the energy sector accounts for 71.2%, while agriculture contributes to only 11.9% of global GHG emissions, with only 7% of agricultural GHG coming from livestock. According to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization, the livestock sector accounts for 13.5% of the total GHG emissions. In Korea, GHG emissions from the agricultural sector are reported to be 2.9%, of which the livestock sector accounts for 1.3%. These findings underscore that the livestock industry is not the primary GHG emitter, emphasizing the need for intensive reduction efforts across high-emission industries like energy. Hence, setting accurate, data-based reduction targets and guidelines is crucial for effective GHG emissions mitigation.

Keywords: Climate change; Livestock industry; Carbon footprint; Greenhouse gases; Environment