A study on the APTERR as a Food Security Institution in East Asia

Kunmin Kim *
Author Information & Copyright
1Waseda University, Tokyo 13500, Japan.
*Corresponding Author: Kunmin Kim, E-mail:

© Copyright 2021 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Apr 14, 2021; Revised: Jul 19, 2021; Accepted: Sep 29, 2021

Published Online: Sep 30, 2021


Purpose: This study was conducted to study the background, operation status, problems, and improvement plans of the APTERR institution, which was formed under ASEAN and the Plus Three governments consisting of Korea, China, and Japan to cope with the food crisis in East Asia. Methods: This study performed a literature search and focus group interview with experts. In-depth expert interviews were conducted three times for one month in August 2021 with eight experts in the relevant field.The results of this study are as follows. Results: The ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve(APTERR) was established to cope with the regional food crisis. Experts recognized that the APTERR had been operating relatively successfully since 2011. However, the APTERR's financial dependence on the Plus Three countries, including Japan, should be corrected. Experts were positively aware of APTERR's role and prospects in the food crisis that might appear in situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study revealed that the APTERR could contribute to regional cooperation and integration. This study has the significance of providing practical and academic primary data on the international institution and regional integration issues regarding food security in East Asia.

Keywords: Regional integration; food security; APTERR; East Asia; food crisis