Effect of incorporating roasted sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds on the quality parameters of chicken nuggets
Received: Jun 30, 2021; Revised: Jul 12, 2021; Accepted: Jul 13, 2021
Published Online: Jul 16, 2021
The present study was aimed to develop a value-added chicken nugget by incorporating roasted sesame seeds (RSS) and elucidate its sensory and quality parameter changes during a 28-d frozen storage. Chicken nugget samples were processed to have four treatments as; 1) Nuggets with 0% RSS (w/w) [Control], 2) Nuggets with 5% RSS (w/w) [SN5], 3) Nuggets with 10% RSS (w/w) [SN10] and 4) Nuggets with 15% RSS (w/w) [SN15] with six replications per treatment. The two best nugget samples with roasted sesame seeds were selected by a sensory panel and tested for physicochemical and microbial quality changes with the control sample during a 28-d frozen storage. Results revealed that SN10 had the highest (p<0.05) crude fat (8.84%), crude protein (14.24%) and ash (3.15%) contents compared to SN5 and the control. During the 28-d frozen storage, the pH of nuggets diminished gradually (p<0.05) in all treatments. SN10 had the highest (p<0.05) thiobarbituric acid reactive substance value compared with its counterparts throughout the 28-d frozen storage. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substance values and total plate count values increased (p<0.05) in all treatments during the frozen storage, but within the acceptable limits. The water holding capacity of nuggets in all treatments decreased (p<0.05) and cooking loss increased (p<0.05) during the frozen storage. In conclusion, roasted sesame seeds could be mixed up to 10% to the nugget mixture to prepare nuggets with improved proximate composition, and physicochemical and sensory properties.